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Year : 2020  |  Volume : 4  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 332-338

Assessment of portal hypertensive enteropathy in patients with liver cirrhosis

1 Department of Pathology, Al-Azhar University, Cairo, Egypt
2 Pathology, Al-Azhar University, Cairo, Egypt
3 Department of Tropical Medicine, Al-Azhar University, Cairo, Egypt

Correspondence Address:
MD Waleed M Mousa
Tropical Medicine, Al-Azhar University, Gouhar AL-Kaed Street, El-Hussein University Hospital, Al-Azhar University, Al-Darasah, Cairo, 11675
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/sjamf.sjamf_13_20

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Background Portal hypertensive enteropathy remains difficult to diagnose in patients with cirrhosis and portal hypertension (PHT). Limited test choices exist for the inspection of the small bowel in these patients. Small-bowel endoscopy like double-balloon enteroscopy (DBE) is ideal in this situation but rarely performed. We aimed to determine the prevalence of portal hypertensive enteropathy using DBE in the patient population with PHT and correlate its presence with clinical, radiological, and histological findings. Patients and methods Thirty-two patients with PHT were included along with 10 controls without the criteria of PHT. All patients and control groups underwent blood tests, ultrasonography, gastroscopy, and enteroscopy. The small-bowel findings by DBE were categorized as inflammatory-like and vascular lesions. The small-bowel changes either endoscopically or histologically were analyzed to find out any association with various demographic, clinical, ultrasonographic, and endoscopic variables. Results The frequency of portal enteropathy in our study was 65.6% (21 patients out of 32) and it had positive correlation with the presence of esophageal varices, PHG, and Child-Pugh score. We found that there is statistically significant difference between the results of histology among patients and control groups not only in the jejunal specimen but also in the gastric and duodenal ones. The correlation with the endoscopic picture was statistically not significant. Conclusion Small-bowel mucosal and vascular changes related to PHT were seen in a significantly higher number of patients with cirrhosis and PHT.

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