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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2017  |  Volume : 1  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 36-41

Effect of female increased body mass index on intracytoplasmic sperm injection outcome


Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, International Islamic Center for Population Studies and Research Assisted Reproductive Technology Unit, Al-Azhar University, Cairo, Egypt

Correspondence Address:
Mohamed Shehata
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, International Islamic Center for Population Studies and Research Assisted Reproductive Technology Unit, Al-Azhar University, Cairo
Egypt
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/sjamf.sjamf_12_17

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Background BMI is calculated by dividing the weight in kilograms by height in meters squared (kg/m2). It is known that the reproductive potential in obese women is decreased and to be associated with suboptimal outcomes after assisted reproductive technologies. Objective The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of increased BMI on pregnancy outcome in women undergoing intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) cycle. Patients and methods This retrospective study was conducted on 200 Women at Assisted Reproductive Technology Unit, International Islamic Centre for Population Studies and Research (IICPSR), Al-Azhar University. Data were recruited from patient files at IICPSR from January 2013 to December 2015, who had ICSI trial during this period. Patients who were included in the study were subdivided into two groups according to BMI − first group: normal-weight women with BMI between 18 and 24.9 kg/m2 (100 cases); secondgroup: overweight and obese women weighing at least 25 kg/m2 (100 cases). The outcomes in the two groups were demonstrated in all stages of ICSI. Results The duration of infertility was progressively higher as BMI increased. Basal luteinizing hormone, follicle-stimulating hormone, and estradiol levels were higher in group 2 than in group 1. Higher total doses of gonadotropin were required in group 2 to obtain equivalent ovarian response than in group 1. No significant difference was observed on ovarian response and embryonic parameters. Serum estradiol level on ovulation triggering day was significantly higher in group 2. Ovarian hyperstimulation and cycle outcome were not significantly different between both groups. Conclusion Overweight and obesity appear to have independent adverse effects on ovarian response to stimulation and outcomes in women undergoing ICSI.


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